Animal identification has received increased attention lately in the United States. Recent animal disease outbreaks around the world have underscored the importance of animal identification and the need to track an animalsí location history and herd mate contacts. These incidents have led to a heightened awareness of the risks posed to our domestic livestock populations by the accidental or malicious introduction of a foreign disease or the emergence of a domestic disease of concern. Some animal diseases may also present a threat to the public health furthering the urgency to maintain animal health control. A significant animal disease outbreak could affect both our social and economic stability. The potential disruption that a large-scale disease occurrence could cause would go way beyond the suffering and loss to animal life. Leaders in the agriculture industry and government have recognized the need to have a universal animal identification system in place to help avoid the undesirable consequences our country could experience as a result of certain animal disease outbreaks. A reliable system of animal identification would greatly aid animal health officials by providing the information necessary to control and halt the spread of a disease and minimize the impact of such an event. Maintenance of public confidence in and continued marketability of food animal products are added benefits of an effective animal identification system for the industry. Through a collaborative effort, the National Animal Identification System (NAIS) has been developed. The USDA, APHIS (United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) introduced a voluntary system in 2004. The system is being implemented under a phased-in approach at the state level by each stateís animal health authority. As the infrastructure for the system is being assembled these state officials have the prerogative to customize the system to serve their unique needs while maintaining compatibility with the national system standards. Information compiled in the animal identification system will be used for animal disease control, surveillance, and eradication efforts. The focus of the NAIS is the health of the US livestock population and the goal is to support traceback of an animalsí history within 48 hours of disease confirmation. The NAIS is comprised of three major components: Premises registration, animal identification, and animal tracking. Premises registration is the foundation of the NAIS and as such is the first component to be introduced with animal identification and tracking to follow. The South Dakota Animal Industry Board is moving forward with the NAIS in South Dakota. The premises registration process has begun and is an important first step that you can take to protect your investment in the livestock business. Anyone who owns or is responsible for livestock are encouraged to register. Whether large or small, farm or ranch, production site, feed yard, livestock market, or processing plant, if you are involved in the livestock industry and are responsible for the handling, care, and movement of animals you are asked to register your premises. Non-producer participants who are associated with animals or the animal industry are encouraged to register as you are an important link in the livestock production chain and may be a source of vital information in the event of a disease traceback. The minimal information that you submit during the premises registration process will be kept confidential and be used only by state and national animal health officials to support disease control and animal health surveillance efforts. You will have access to your personal information by establishing your own user name and password. Your participation will support the capability to provide a timely response and minimize the impact in the event of an animal disease outbreak. ...More
TAKES STEPS TO MAKE SURE CALVES NEVER HAVE A BAD DAY
You've heard that the key to beef quality could lie in making sure a calf never has a bad day. A paper in the Journal of Dairy Science adds validity-and before you quit reading because the work didn't come from the beef side, think for a minute about the dairy cow.
KEEP TRACK OF WITHDRAWAL TIMES IN CATTLE
When a food animal is given medication systemically (such as injection of antibiotic), it takes a certain amount of time for the body to break down and eliminate it. During that period the animal should not enter the food chain. Different drugs and medications have different withdrawal times before the animal can be slaughtered.
THOMAS AND SONS BRANGUS SALE HELD
Fifty-six registered buyers from 10 states participated in a stellar offering of registered and commercial cattle at the recent Don Thomas and Sons Cadillac of Brangus Sales.
BURDOCK CAN CAUSE EYE IRRITATION IN CATTLE
Eye problems in cattle and horses can be caused by burdock slivers. This plant has seeds that stick to fur or clothing. When ripe, the burrs release hundreds of microscopic barbed slivers. If a sliver gets into the eye, it can cause inflammation and infection that may puzzle your veterinarian, since the microscopic sliver is not easily seen. The cornea of the eye may become inflamed and ulcerated; the eye may turn cloudy and have a white spot or bulge on it.
CHANGING WEATHER AFFECTS HEALTH OF CALVES
Experience tells us that fall can be a treacherous season for keeping calves healthy. Calves come into the season stout, thrifty and with the expectation of doing well. But changing weather conditions, management systems and nutritional programs can catch the calves off guard and send them into a tail spin of poor health and performance.
PARASITE RESISTANCE IN CATTLE AT CRITICAL LEVEL
Controlling internal parasites in cattle is challenging these days.
BEWARE OF POTENTIAL THREAT TO DEER POPULATIONS
Diseases are a big concern for deer biologists and managers. Since the reestablishment of white-tailed deer across the Southeast, hemorrhagic disease has had a negative impact on their populations. Hemorrhagic disease in deer can be caused by epizootic hemorrhagic disease viruses, or bluetongue viruses, and is spread by black gnats.
SVF CATTLE COUNTRY COMMERCIAL REPLACEMENT SALE HELD AUG. 31ST
One thousand, one hundred and eleven commercial females from Florida's leading ranchers found ready acceptance at the recent Cattle Country Sale in Brighton, Fla.
IT'S THE PITTS -- A MOTHER'S PLEA
I'm not in the mood today to try and be funny. And normally I don't believe writers should use their podium to preach to people. In most cases I don't have the qualifications or the credentials.
HUNTIN' DAYLIGHT -- DEMAND-AGGRESSIVE MARKETING BUOY CATTLE PRICES
Cattle numbers continue to grow with national cowherd expansion, and various data suggest herd expansion is continuing this year.
CHUTE-SIDE VACCINE COOLER IS A USEFUL TOOL
A few simple steps can help cattle producers become more effective in battling respiratory disease in their herd, get full value of any vaccine they purchase, and possibly increase their operational profit in the process.
PRODUCERS BENEFIT FROM YEAR-ROUND HERD HEALTH PROGRAM
Many times a producer does not consider or appreciate the value of a good year-round herd health program until confronted with a difficult calving season or an unacceptable level of calf loss from health challenges.
GET CALVES STARTED ON THE RIGHT FOOT AT WEANING
During this time of the year, some producers may consider preconditioning beef calves prior to sale. This involves a multi-step process including weaning, a defined health protocol, nutrition, and marketing plan. The following article describes a few helpful tips for weaning and getting calves started on the right foot:
EARLY WEANING BENEFITS FIRST-CALF COWS
Summer heat can be hard on pastures, cows and calves, especially first-calf cows. These cows are in a special class as they are still trying to maintain body condition, actively grow, support reproduction by gestating with her second calf, and lactating.
PRODUCT HANDLING IS CRITICAL TO HERD HEALTH SUCCESS
The cow-calf production unit is the basis for the entire beef industry. The production of quality calves requires strict attention to the health of all calves, cows and bulls in the facility.
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